TrollEye Security

What is the Dark Web?

“In today’s digital age, the Dark Web is a shadowy underworld where cybercriminals thrive and illicit activities flourish. As Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at Bit2Me, I have realized the importance of monitoring the Dark Web to protect our customers, uphold our reputation, and fortify our defenses against the present threat of cybercrime. Monitoring this clandestine arena is essential for early threat detection and empowering us to defend our company and its assets proactively.” – Washington Gómez CISO at Bit2Me

The internet is often compared to an iceberg, with the visible part representing the surface web, consisting of websites, search engines, and online services that we use daily. But lurking beneath the surface is the Dark Web.

The Dark Web, sometimes referred to as the “deep web,” is a portion of the internet intentionally hidden from conventional search engines. This hidden nature is what sets it apart from the surface web. To access the Dark Web, users rely on specialized software such as Tor (The Onion Router), which routes their internet traffic through a series of encrypted relays, making it incredibly difficult to trace their online activities back to their physical location.

One of the defining features of the Dark Web is the emphasis on anonymity. Unlike the surface web, where many online activities can be traced back to individuals and organizations, the Dark Web allows users to communicate, transact, and interact without revealing their true identities. This anonymity is a double-edged sword, as it provides a safe space for legitimate users seeking privacy but also opens the door to malicious actors looking to exploit the hidden nature of the Dark Web for illicit purposes.

It is home to a myriad of hidden services—websites and platforms that cannot be indexed or accessed through traditional means. These services often employ encryption to secure communications, making it difficult for outsiders to intercept or decipher the information being exchanged. This encryption has valid use cases, such as protecting whistleblowers or activists living under repressive regimes.

It’s important to recognize that the Dark Web is not a haven solely for illegal activities, as often portrayed in media and popular culture. While illegal marketplaces and cybercriminal activities do exist, they are just one part of it. The Dark Web is also a sanctuary for individuals seeking privacy, secure communication, and protection from surveillance. Legal activities, such as political activism, research, and discussions on sensitive topics, find refuge here as well.

In the upcoming sections of this article, we will explore the activities that transpire on the Dark Web, dispelling some common misconceptions and highlighting its legitimate uses. Moreover, we will explore why analyzing the Dark Web has become a crucial component of modern cybersecurity, and how TrollEye Security’s expertise can help organizations navigate this mysterious digital landscape.

What Happens on the Dark Web?

“Businesses are faced with numerous cybersecurity risks on the Dark Web, which can have serious consequences. It serves as a breeding ground for illegal activities such as data breaches, hacking-for-hire services, and the sale of stolen intellectual property because of its encryption and anonymity. A business may find its sensitive data, including customer data and proprietary technology, being sold for the highest price. In addition, cybercriminal communities exchange tactics and tools on the Dark Web, which may lead to sophisticated attacks on unsuspecting organizations. Detecting and prosecuting criminals in this hidden realm is difficult due to its decentralized nature and a never-ending effort. To guard against the lurking dangers of the Dark Web, businesses need to strengthen their cybersecurity defenses with robust measures, such as firewalls, advanced threat detection, and employee training. In order to stay one step ahead of potential threats, it is essential to keep an eye on this shadowy corner of the internet and gather intelligence.” – Charles Spence MBA, MSc VP of Technology Strategy at Cigna Healthcare

1. Marketplaces of All Kinds:

The most notorious aspect of the Dark Web is its underground marketplaces. Here, you’ll find a wide array of goods and services, both legal and illicit, available for purchase. Illegal items such as drugs, firearms, and stolen data are available, it’s important to recognize that some marketplaces emphasize user anonymity and offer legal products. This nuanced landscape presents unique challenges for both law enforcement and cybersecurity professionals.

2. Forums and Communities:

The Dark Web hosts a plethora of forums and communities, catering to a broad spectrum of interests. These discussion spaces allow users to engage in conversations and share information on topics ranging from privacy and cybersecurity to political activism and social issues. The primary appeal is the cloak of anonymity, which encourages candid discussions away from the scrutiny of surveillance.

3. Whistleblowing and Leaks:

Notable for its role in whistleblower activities, the Dark Web has been a platform for individuals seeking to expose wrongdoing while safeguarding their identities. Organizations like WikiLeaks have used Tor to protect their sources and disseminate classified or sensitive information. This anonymity ensures that crucial stories are brought to light even when doing so risks retribution.

4. Privacy Tools and Services:

Privacy enthusiasts flock to the Dark Web for tools and services that enhance online anonymity. Anonymous email services, secure messaging apps, and guides on evading surveillance are readily available. These resources empower users to protect their identities and safeguard their communications from prying eyes.

5. Cybercriminal Services:

Cybercriminals often collaborate on the Dark Web, offering a suite of malicious services. These include ransomware-as-a-service, hacking-for-hire, and tutorials on illegal activities. The Dark Web serves as a hub for threat actors to share knowledge, tools, and ill-gotten gains.

The Dark Web’s Role in Cyberattacks

While the Dark Web is not solely a place for illegal activities, it undoubtedly serves as a breeding ground for malicious actors seeking to exploit its anonymity and encryption to orchestrate cyberattacks. In this section, we will uncover how the Dark Web is used as a platform for cyberattacks and the shadowy trade of stolen credentials—a thriving marketplace for cybercriminals.

1. Hacking Tools and Services:

The Dark Web provides a marketplace where cybercriminals can readily access an arsenal of hacking tools and services. These tools range from malware and exploit kits to distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack services. Cybercriminals purchase these resources to facilitate various types of attacks, including data breaches and website defacements.

2. Stolen Credentials:

One of the most lucrative commodities on the Dark Web is stolen credentials. These can include usernames, passwords, and personal information obtained through data breaches. Cybercriminals purchase or trade these credentials to gain unauthorized access to accounts, systems, and networks. The breadth of stolen credentials available on the Dark Web can be staggering, encompassing everything from social media logins to corporate network access.

Stolen Credentials Chart

3. Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS):

Ransomware has become a significant threat, and the Dark Web plays a pivotal role in its proliferation. Cybercriminals can access RaaS offerings, where the technical aspects of ransomware attacks are outsourced to criminal service providers. This has lowered the bar for entry into the world of ransomware, allowing even those with limited technical expertise to launch devastating attacks.

4. Trade in Vulnerabilities:

The Dark Web is also a marketplace for the sale of software vulnerabilities and zero-day exploits. These are critical components of cyberattacks, as they allow threat actors to exploit weaknesses in software before developers can patch them. By purchasing these vulnerabilities, cybercriminals gain a significant advantage in carrying out attacks on unpatched systems.

5. Money Laundering and Cryptocurrency:

The Dark Web is closely intertwined with the use of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin for illicit purposes. Cybercriminals often use cryptocurrencies to obfuscate financial transactions related to their activities, making it challenging for law enforcement to track the flow of funds. This creates a complex web of money laundering and financial anonymity that fuels cybercrime.

Understanding the role of the Dark Web in cyberattacks is essential for organizations looking to bolster their cybersecurity defenses. The availability of tools, services, and stolen credentials on this hidden platform underscores the importance of proactive monitoring and threat intelligence.

How TrollEye Security Can Help

As we have previously discussed the Dark Web serves as the hub for cybercriminals dealing in stolen data. It’s where your sensitive information, particularly login credentials—can be illicitly bought and sold. These credentials are used in cyberattacks fueling cybercrime, which is where TrollEye Security comes in.

We scan the Dark Web on a monthly basis for your organization’s stolen and compromised credentials, we then test these credentials to see if they are actionable by using them in our penetration testing, to give a better view of your organization’s security posture.

Dark Web Analysis Chart

Make Your Cybersecurity Air Tight

In today’s world, cybersecurity demands more than just firewalls and antivirus protection. These measures, while crucial, may only deter amateur cyber criminals. As cyberattacks evolve in sophistication each year, a proactive stance becomes your best defense. We understand that no level of exposed data is acceptable for your critical business information. You don’t have to be a victim; you can reduce your risk with actionable intelligence from TrollEye Security. Contact us today for your free initial consultation and let us help you make your cybersecurity airtight. Don’t wait until it’s too late—protect your data and your business now with our Dark Web Analysis services.

Disclaimer: Contributions do not represent an endorsement of TrollEye Security.